The meaning of 'Al-Baqiyat Al-Shalihat' in Al Qur'an and Al Hadith and their virtues


By: Sudono Syueb

(A graduate of YTP Boarding School, Kertosono and Now a Lecture at FIKOM-UNITOMO, Surabaya)

Harianindonesiapost.com When reading Surah Al-Kahf verse 46, we find there mentioned a practice that rewards are more important than world jewelry in the form of children and property. yes, the practice is al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât, while the verse is:

الْمَالُ وَالْبَنُونَ زِينَةُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَالْبَاقِيَاتُ الصَّالِحَاتُ خَيْرٌ عِنْدَ رًًًًًًًًًًًًًًًًًًًَِِِّّّبك وخير املا

It means: "Possessions and children are the ornaments of world life but the eternal, pious practices (al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât) are better the reward is on the side of your Lord and better to be hope."
What exactly does the meaning of al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât mean in this verse? If you examine the Jalalain commentary, it says:

( والباقيات الصالحات) هي سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر زاد بعضهم ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله ( خير عند ربك ثوابا وخير أملا) أي ما يأمله الإنسان ويرجوه عند الله تعالى


It means: "And al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât — that is subhânallâh, wal hamdulillâh, wa lâ Ilâha illallâh, wa Allâhu akbar, some scholars add: wa lâ hawla walâ quwwata illâ billâh) is better the reward in the sight of your Lord and better to be hope - specifically: something which is humanaspire and hope in the sight of Allah.(Imam Jalaluddin as-Suyuthi and Imam Jalaluddin al-Mahalli, Tafsir Jalâlain, Cairo, Daarul Hadith, page 386)

if you look at this interpretation, we can conclude that al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât is a dzikir that we often read after prayer, that is tasbih (subhânallâh), tahmid (alhamdulillah), takbir (Allâhu akbar), hawqalah (lâ hawla wal quwwata illhata bill) ), and tahlil (lâ Ilâha illallâh).

in addition, there is also in the words of the Prophet Muhammad sallalllah ‘alayhi wasallam:

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الباقيات الصالحات لا إله إلا الله وسبحان الله والله أكبر والحمد لله ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله ( أخرجه النسائي وصححه اِبْنُ حِبَّانَ وَالْحَاكِمُ )

(From Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri radliyallahu 'anhu said: The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam said: "al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât is lâ Ilâha illallâh, wa subhânallâh, wa Allâhu akbar, wal hamdulillâh, wa al-hawla wa al-hawla ha. "(This hadith was concluded by Imam Nasai, and Imam Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim had given it away)

If you look at this hadith, we can conclude that al-bāqiyat ash-shâlihât is as described by the Prophet, namely some of the Wadis and which he has explained in his saying.

This hadith is explained in the book of Ibnatul Ahkâm Syarh Bulûghul Marâm, the work of As-Sayyid 'Alawiy Al-Malikiy (Maktabah al-Buhuts wa ad-Dirasat fi Daarul Fikr, Juz. 4, section Muamalah, pages 425-426) that Ibn' Abbas argues that that what is meant by al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât is the five-time prayerand it is said in an opinion that he is all righteous deeds.However, the ulama jumhur argued that al-bâqiyat ash-shâlihât was tasbih, tahmid, takbir, hawqalah, and tahlil, and this statement was also narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas too. Thus, what exactly are the benefits of this practice so specifically mentioned in the Qur'an?

we can see in another hadith, the hadith narrated by Samroh bin Jundab radliyallahu ‘anh contained in the Saheeh Muslim:


وعن سمرة بن جندب رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أحب الكلام إلى الله أربع لا يضرك بأيهن بدأت سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر ( أخرجه مسلم)


from Samurah bin Jundab from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam, he said: "The most important sayings are four, will not harm you with wherever you start, namely subhânallah (Glory to Allah), alhamdulillah (all praise be to Allah), Lâ ilâha illallâh (there is no God whoentitled to worship except Allah), and Allâhu akbar (Allah is the Greatest.(HR Imam Muslim)

Related to this hadith, the book of Ibânatul Ahkâm Syarh Bulûghul Marâm explains:

بيان كلمات يحبّها الله تبارك وتعالى ، ويحبّ أن يسمعها من عباده لعظيم شأنها ، وما اشتملت عليه من حسي. ففيها التوحيد ، وفيها الأكبرية ، وفيها التنزيه ، وفيها التمجيد والتعظيم.

Explain sentences that Allah likes, and Allah likes to hear these sentences from his servants because of the great position of the sentence, and the pillars of monotheism contained therein. in this sentence there is also the meaning of monotheism (exalting), raising, purifying, glorifying, and glorifying Allah.
Saying these four sentences is a form of alms, as the words of the Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam

إِنَّ بِكُلِّ تَسْبِيْحَةٍ صَدَقَةً ، وَكُلِّ تَكْبِيْرَةٍ صَدَقَةً ، وَكُلِّ تَحْمِيْدَة صََََََََََََََََََْدقة، وكل تهليلة صدقة ََََََََََََ

Indeed every tasbih (utterance of subhanallah) is almsgiving, every takbir (utterance of Allahu akbar) is almsgiving, every tahmid (alhamdulillah) is almsgiving, every tahlil (utterance of la ilaha illallah) is almsgiving. (HR. Muslim)

Speaking of these four sentences, the Messenger of Allaah ‘alayhi wa sallam has explained their virtues and features. Here are some of the benefits:

First: Most loved by Allah Ta'ala

The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam explained:

أَحَبُّ الْكَلاَمِ إِلَى اللَّهِ أَرْبَعٌ: سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّللَه،لا يضََرك بايهن بداءت.        َإََََََََََََََ

The words that God loves most are four; subhanallahu, alhamdulillah, la ilaha illallah, and Allahu akbar. it's not why you start with anywhere. (HR. Muslim)

Second: Better than the world and everything in it

He said:

لَأَنْ أَقُوْلَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَََُِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِِْر احب الي مما طلعت عليه الشمش

I say subhanallahu, alhamdulillah, la ilaha illallah and Allahu akbar I love more than the place where the sun rises (ie the world). (HR. Muslim)

Third: Being the cause of the elimination of sin

The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

ما على الأرض رجل يقول: لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر وسبحان الله والحمد لله ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله إلا كفرت عنه ذنوبه ولو كانت أكثر من زبد البحر
no one on this earth utters la ilaha illallah, Allahu akbar, subhanallahu, alhamdulillah, and la haula wa la quwwata illa billah, but his sins will be removed even though more than the foam in the ocean. (Hadith hasan. History of Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi and al-Hakimsee Sahih al-Jami ', no. 5636)fourth: And it is enough to be the privilege and virtue of some of these noble sentences, when we Muslims say it every day at the time of remembrance to Allah after the five daily prayers in the manner described by the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

look at some of these virtues, we should be people who are passionate to dhikr with it. Let's practice it, because the abundance of virtue awaits us. Hopefully given taufik and facilitated. Aamiin ..

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